2020-07-29 01:21:07
How Medicine is Created

How Medicine is Created

The world of medicine is constantly evolving and new advancements are being made to solve prevalent issues. When you pick up your prescribed pills, did you ever wonder how they were made in the first place? The process of discovering these new solutions and then creating, testing, approving, and distributing them is a complex one with many moving parts that all serve to ensure every new product hitting the pharmacy is as effective as it can be. After all, even just one mistake in the chain can lead to a risk when the medicine is consumed, so learning how this intricate medical development process works can give us a greater appreciation for all the work going into something we might take for granted.

Research and Development

The medical discovery process typically begins in a lab, where medical professionals, biologists, physicians and more collaborate to analyze problems like diseases molecule by molecule. As they research these sequences, chemists begin to develop solutions that will disrupt those problematic molecular chains. Once an effective molecular solution is found to be successful at interrupting a chain, the medicine is born. Essentially, it can be seen as a sort of puzzle, where a specific piece is missing and experts are searching countless combinations to find the right one. These can be found in a variety of ways, from studying plants and animals to utilizing advanced learning algorithms. Once they succeed the next phase can begin, clinical trials.

Trial and Error

Once an appropriate target is discovered, the drug begins a long and thorough process of test after test. With the goal of approval by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in sight, most tests are conducted in small, controlled environments over a long period of time. Every single aspect of a test subject is monitored at this stage to keep an eye out for potential side effects and unknown developments. Multiple phases of tests are conducted by volunteers and as results begin to show promise, the range of subjects is widened. While an innumerable amount of medications never make it past this stage, those that do are often heavily invested in and recognized by experts for their potential. Typically, the trial phase for medicine can take several years, and each phase is often more important than the last.

Delivery

The final phase of drug development is production and distribution. Once all the necessary approvals go through, and the final license is obtained, the medicine is ready to be mass produced and delivered to hospitals, pharmacies and stores everywhere. Typically a lot of factors go into this stage of the process as well, some countries have different restrictions on what kinds of drugs are allowed, and the amount produced depends on the patent holders capabilities. Overall though, the hurdles faced during production are often well worth it to ensure the final product is as safe for users as possible. For something as important as medicine, there s no such thing as being too careful.